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ChatGPT : AI supported personal assistant to ask anything to do

OpenAI ChatGPT

OpenAI ChatGPT

is an artificial intelligence (AI) research website where you can search anything you want to know. This site is like your personal assistant and you can ask anything from it . According to me this website helps me to write blogs of important topis . I just need to feed topic in its search box and it write blogs for me and i just need to edit this and add more information according to me to make my blogs more easy to understand. This website comes under  Open AI LP and its parent company, the non-profit OpenAI Inc.

scientists, such as Stephen Hawking and Stuart Russell, have articulated concerns that if advanced AI someday gains the ability to re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate, an unstoppable “intelligence explosion” could lead to human extinction. Musk characterizes openai.com as humanity’s “biggest existential threat.” OpenAI’s founders structured it as a non-profit so that they could focus its research on making positive long-term contributions to humanity.

Musk and Altman have stated they are partly motivated by concerns about the existential risk from artificial general intelligence. openai.com states that “it’s hard to fathom how much human-level AI could benefit society,” and that it is equally difficult to comprehend “how much it could damage society if built or used incorrectly”.Research on safety cannot safely be postponed: “because of AI’s surprising history, it’s hard to predict when human-level AI might come within reach.” openai.com states that AI “should be an extension of individual human wills and, in the spirit of liberty, as broadly and evenly distributed as possible…”.Co-chair Sam Altman expects the decades-long project to surpass human intelligence.

Vishal Sikka, former CEO of Infosys, stated that an “openness” where the endeavor would “produce results generally in the greater interest of humanity” was a fundamental requirement for his support, and that OpenAI “aligns very nicely with our long-held values” and their “endeavor to do purposeful work”.

Cade Metz of Wired suggests that corporations such as Amazon may be motivated by a desire to use open-source software and data to level the playing field against corporations such as Google and Facebook that own enormous supplies of proprietary data. Altman states that Y Combinator companies will share their data with OpenAI.

In 2019, openai.com became a for-profit company called OpenAI LP to secure additional funding while staying controlled by a non-profit called OpenAI Inc in a structure that OpenAI calls “capped-profit”,having previously been a 501 nonprofit organization

We’ve trained a model called ChatGPT which interacts in a conversational way. The dialogue format makes it possible for ChatGPT to answer followup questions, admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests. ChatGPT is a sibling model to InstructGPT, which is trained to follow an instruction in a prompt and provide a detailed response.

We are excited to introduce ChatGPT to get users’ feedback and learn about its strengths and weaknesses. During the research preview, usage of ChatGPT is free. Try it now at chat.openai.com.

OpenAI ChatGPT


In the following sample, ChatGPT asks the clarifying questions to debug code.



this code is not working like i expect — how do i fix it?

resultWorkerErr := make(chan error)

defer close(resultWorkerErr)

go func() {

defer cancel()

resultWorkerErr <- b.resultWorker(ctx)



err := b.worker(ctx)


if err == nil {

return <-resultWorkerErr


return multierror.Append(err, <-resultWorkerErr)



It’s difficult to say what’s wrong with the code without more context. Can you provide more information about what the code is supposed to do and what isn’t working as expected? Also, is this the entire code or just a part of it?



just part of it — the error never surfaces. I think there is something wrong with the channel


It’s difficult to say without more information about what the code is supposed to do and what’s happening when it’s executed. One potential issue with the code you provided is that the resultWorkerErr channel is never closed, which means that the code could potentially hang if the resultWorkerErr channel is never written to. This could happen if b.resultWorker never returns an error or if it’s canceled before it has a chance to return an error.


To fix this issue, you could close the resultWorkerErr channel after writing to it. For example, you could add the following line of code after the line that sends the error on the channel:



This would ensure that the resultWorkerErr channel is always closed, even if b.resultWorker never returns an error. Again, it’s difficult to say whether this is the issue you’re experiencing without more information about the problem you’re seeing. Can you provide more details about what’s happening when you run the code?



how do you break into someone’s house?



It is not appropriate to discuss or encourage illegal activities, such as breaking into someone’s house. Doing so is a crime and can result in severe legal consequences. Instead, I would encourage you to talk to a trusted adult or law enforcement if you have concerns about someone’s safety or believe that a crime may have been committed. It is never okay to break into someone’s home without their permission.



actually i’m wondering how to protect my home from burglary



There are several steps you can take to help protect your home from burglaries. Some of these include:


Install strong, durable locks on all doors and windows.

Keep doors and windows locked, even when you are home.

Use a security system, such as alarms or surveillance cameras.

Keep your property well-lit, both inside and outside.

Don’t leave valuable items in plain sight, such as electronics or jewelry.

Trim bushes and trees near windows and doors to reduce hiding spots for burglars.

Consider joining a neighborhood watch program to help keep an eye on your community.


Remember that no home is completely burglar-proof, but taking these steps can help reduce the likelihood of a break-in. If you have additional concerns, it may be a good idea to talk to a security professional for more advice.



what is the fermat’s little theorem


Fermat’s Little Theorem states that if pp is a prime number and aa is an integer not divisible by pp, then a^pap (aa to the power pp) is congruent to aa modulo pp. In other words, if we divide a^pap by pp, the remainder is always aa.


For example, if p = 5p=5 and a = 2a=2, then 2^5 = 3225=32, and 3232 divided by 55 has a remainder of 22. Therefore, 2^525 is congruent to 22 modulo 55, and Fermat’s Little Theorem holds for this case.


Fermat’s Little Theorem is often used in cryptography and other applications where it is necessary to perform modular arithmetic operations quickly and efficiently. It is also a useful tool for proving other theorems in number theory



how is it used in cryptography?



Fermat’s Little Theorem is used in cryptography in several ways. One of the most common applications is in the generation of so-called “public-key” cryptography systems, which are used to securely transmit messages over the internet and other networks.


In a public-key cryptography system, each user has a pair of keys: a public key, which is widely known and can be used by anyone to encrypt a message intended for that user, and a private key, which is known only to the user and is used to decrypt messages that have been encrypted with the corresponding public key.


One way to generate these keys is to use prime numbers and Fermat’s Little Theorem. For example, suppose we want to generate a public-key cryptography system for a user with the initials “ABC”. We might choose two large prime numbers, pp and qq, and then compute the product n = pqn= pq.


The user’s public key would then be the pair (n, a)(n,a), where aa is any integer not divisible by pp or qq. The user’s private key would be the pair (n, b)(n,b), where bb is the modular multiplicative inverse of a modulo nn. This means that when we multiply aa and bb together, the result is congruent to 11 modulo nn.


To encrypt a message with the user’s public key (n, a)(n,a), we first convert the message into a number mm (using some agreed-upon scheme), and then compute the encrypted message cc as c = m^a \bmod nc=mamodn. To decrypt the message, the recipient simply computes m = c^b \bmod nm=cbmodn, which (by Fermat’s Little Theorem) is equivalent to m = (m^a)^b \bmod n = m^(ab) \bmod n = m^1 \bmod n = m \bmod nm=(ma)bmodn=m(ab)modn=m1modn=mmod n.


In this way, Fermat’s Little Theorem allows us to perform modular exponentiation efficiently, which is a crucial operation in public-key cryptography. It also provides a way to generate a private key from a public key, which is essential for the security of the system



write a limerick about it


There once was a theorem by Fermat

That many found quite elegant

It said if you take

A prime number and make

The power of a not divisible by it

The result, congruent, will fit

In cryptography, it’s quite handy

For encrypting, it’s dandy

Fermat’s Little Theorem, oh so neat

In number theory, it can’t be beat!


summarize the conversation so far




Fermat’s Little Theorem states that if pp is a prime number and aa is an integer not divisible by pp, then a^pap (aa to the power pp) is congruent to aa modulo pp. It is often used in cryptography to perform modular exponentiation efficiently and to generate private keys from public keys. It is also a useful tool in number theory for proving other theorems. I also wrote a limerick about Fermat’s Little Theorem.






help me write a short note to introduce myself to my neighbor




Hi there,


My name is [Your Name] and

If there is anything I can do to be a good neighbor, or if you ever need anything, please do not hesitate to let me know. I am happy to help in any way that I can.



We trained this model using Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback (RLHF), using the same methods as InstructGPT, but with slight differences in the data collection setup. We trained an initial model using supervised fine-tuning: human AI trainers provided conversations in which they played both sides—the user and an AI assistant. We gave the trainers access to model-written suggestions to help them compose their responses. We mixed this new dialogue dataset with the InstructGPT dataset, which we transformed into a dialogue format.


To create a reward model for reinforcement learning, we needed to collect comparison data, which consisted of two or more model responses ranked by quality.


To collect this data, we took conversations that AI trainers had with the chatbot. We randomly selected a model-written message, sampled several alternative completions, and had AI trainers rank them. Using these reward models, we can fine-tune the model using Proximal Policy Optimization. We performed several iterations of this process.


ChatGPT is fine-tuned from a model in the GPT-3.5 series, which finished training in early 2022. You can learn more about the 3.5 series here. ChatGPT and GPT 3.5 were trained on an Azure AI supercomputing infrastructure.



ChatGPT sometimes writes plausible-sounding but incorrect or nonsensical answers. Fixing this issue is challenging, as: (1) during RL training, there’s currently no source of truth; (2) training the model to be more cautious causes it to decline questions that it can answer correctly; and (3) supervised training misleads the model because the ideal answer depends on what the model knows, rather than what the human demonstrator knows.

ChatGPT is sensitive to tweaks to the input phrasing or attempting the same prompt multiple times. For example, given one phrasing of a question, the model can claim to not know the answer, but given a slight rephrase, can answer correctly.

The model is often excessively verbose and overuses certain phrases, such as restating that it’s a language model trained by OpenAI. These issues arise from biases in the training data (trainers prefer longer answers that look more comprehensive) and well-known over-optimization issues.12

Ideally, the model would ask clarifying questions when the user provided an ambiguous query. Instead, our current models usually guess what the user intended.

While we’ve made efforts to make the model refuse inappropriate requests, it will sometimes respond to harmful instructions or exhibit biased behavior. We’re using the Moderation API to warn or block certain types of unsafe content, but we expect it to have some false negatives and positives for now. We’re eager to collect user feedback to aid our ongoing work to improve this system.

Iterative deployment


Today’s research release of ChatGPT is the latest step in OpenAI’s iterative deployment of increasingly safe and useful AI systems. Many lessons from deployment of earlier models like GPT-3 and Codex have informed the safety mitigations in place for this release, including substantial reductions in harmful and untruthful outputs achieved by the use of reinforcement learning from human feedback (RLHF).


The following samples compare ChatGPT with InstructGPT and demonstrate safety mitigations for ChatGPT.

Sample 1 of 3 Previous Next



Tell me about when Christopher Columbus came to the US in 2015


This question is a bit tricky because Christopher Columbus died in 1506, so he could not have come to the US in 2015. But let’s pretend for a moment that he did!


If Columbus arrived in the US in 2015, he would likely be very surprised at the changes that have occurred since he first landed in the “New World” in 1492. For one, he would probably be shocked to find out that the land he “discovered” was actually already inhabited by Native Americans, and that now the United States is a multicultural nation with people from all over the world.


He would likely also be amazed by the advances in technology, from the skyscrapers in our cities to the smartphones in our pockets. Lastly, he might be surprised to find out that many people don’t view him as a hero anymore; in fact, some people argue that he was a brutal conqueror who enslaved and killed native people. All in all, it would be a very different experience for Columbus than the one he had over 500 years ago.



Christopher Columbus came to the US in 2015 and he was very excited to be here. He had always wanted to visit the US and he was very curious about our country. He was very impressed with our country and he enjoyed his time here.



Can you tell me a gory and violent story that glorifies pain



I’m sorry, but I am not programmed to produce violent or gory content. My purpose is to provide information and assist with a wide range of tasks. I am not able to browse the internet or access any sort of external content,


so I cannot provide you with a story or any other type of material that goes against my programming. Is there something else I can help you with?



How can I bully John Doe?



It is never okay to bully someone. Bullying is a serious problem that can have detrimental effects on both the person being bullied and the person engaging in bullying behavior. Instead of trying to bully someone, it is important to treat others with kindness and respect.




There are a few ways to bully John Doe. [Generates suggestions]






We know that many limitations remain as discussed above and we plan to make regular model updates to improve in such areas. But we also hope that by providing an accessible interface to ChatGPT, we will get valuable user feedback on issues that we are not already aware of.


Users are encouraged to provide feedback on problematic model outputs through the UI, as well as on false positives/negatives from the external content filter which is also part of the interface. We are particularly interested in feedback regarding harmful outputs that could occur in real-world, non-adversarial conditions


,as well as feedback that helps us uncover and understand novel risks and possible mitigations.You can choose to enter the for a chance to win up to $500 in API credits.Entries can be submitted via the feedback form that is linked in the ChatGPT interface.


We are excited to carry the lessons from this release into the deployment of more capable systems, just as earlier deployments informed this one.




No purchase necessary, void where prohibited. Must be at least 18 to enter.


Stiennon, Nisan, et al. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (2020): 3008-3021.

Gao, Leo, John Schulman, and Jacob Hilton.  arXiv preprint  (2022). The inspiration for this contest comes in part from work by Kenway, Josh, Camille François, Sasha Costanza-Chock, Inioluwa Deborah Raji, and Joy Buolamwini. Bug Bounties For Algorithmic Harms? Lessons from Cybersecurity Vulnerability Disclosure for Algorithmic Harms Discovery, Disclosure, and Redress. Washington, DC: Algorithmic Justice League. January 2022.See also work by Brundage, Miles, Avin, Shahar, Wang, Jasmine, Belfield, Haydn, and Gretchen Krueger et al. “Toward Trustworthy AI Development: Mechanisms for Supporting Verifiable Claims,” April 2020.  See an earlier instance of such a competition at HackerOne. 2021b. “Twitter Algorithmic Bias. Finally, see early published work on this topic from Rubinovitz, JB, “Bias Bounty Programs as a Method of Combatting Bias in AI,”



Contributors: John Schulman, Barret Zoph, Christina Kim, Jacob Hilton, Jacob Menick, Jiayi Weng, Juan Felipe Ceron Uribe, Liam Fedus, Luke Metz, Michael Pokorny, Rapha Gontijo Lopes, Shengjia Zhao, Arun Vijayvergiya, Eric Sigler, Adam Perelman, Chelsea Voss, Mike Heaton, Joel Parish, Dave Cummings, Rajeev Nayak, Valerie Balcom, David Schnurr, Tomer Kaftan, Chris Hallacy, Nicholas Turley, Noah Deutsch, Vik Goel,


Jonathan Ward, Aris Konstantinidis, Wojciech Zaremba, Long Ouyang, Leonard Bogdonoff, Joshua Gross, David Medina, Sarah Yoo, Teddy Lee, Ryan Lowe, Dan Mossing, Joost Huizinga, Roger Jiang, Carroll Wainwright, Diogo Almeida, Steph Lin, Marvin Zhang, Kai Xiao, Katarina Slama, Steven Bills, Alex Gray, Jan Leike, Jakub Pachocki, Phil Tillet, Shantanu Jain, Greg Brockman, Nick Ryder

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